The book uses a pretty dense vocabulary and is not recommended for beginners; this is a purely academic book with all the positives and negatives that that entails (i.e. it offers incisive analyses but their "solutions" to exiting capitalism are vague and seem like an afterthought). It argues that contrary to the dominant wisdom, capitalism’s origins should not be understood as a development confined to the geographically and culturally sealed borders of Europe, but the outcome of a wider array of global processes in which non-European societies played a decisive role. How the West Came to Rule offers a unique interdisciplinary and international historical account of the origins of capitalism. Henry Heller. For decades, these conditions have been marked by ‘End of History’ triumphalism and claims that ‘there is no alternative’ to liberal capitalism. Rather, we centre our attention on them because the Marxist tradition has arguably examined and debated the subject of capitalism’s genesis more than any other social theoretical tradition. Mainstream historical accounts of the development of capitalism describe a process which is fundamentally European - a system that was born in the mills and factories of England or under the guillotines of the French Revolution. Review of Radical Political Economics 2018 50: 3, 599-601 Download Citation. And yet the 16th century occupies only a marginal place in the ‘Age of Revolution’² that followed, in the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries. How the West Came to Rule The Geopolitical Origins of Capitalism 1st Edition by Alexander Anievas; Kerem Nişancıolu and Publisher Pluto Press. and . Good academic book that presents a theory that the rise of Western super powers was a result of wast geopolitical shifts in the Asian continent and not because Europeans where smarter and more free. According to him, the West rose above the Rest through the development of six ‘killer apps’: i) a more fragmented political setting that worked to encourage competition and innovation both between and within states; ii) a predilection for open inquiry and a scientific attitude towards nature; iii) property rights and the representation of property-owners in elected assemblies; iv) modern medicine, v) an industrial revolution based … They criticize socialist revolutions, revolutionary parties, and actually-existing (existed) socialism through pretty weak strawman arguments. Dr. Kerem Nisancioglu's book, How the West Came to Rule: The Geopolitical Origins of Captialism, co-written with Alex Anievas, has won the ISA International Political Sociology Section Book Prize for 2017. Refresh and try again. Still, even with these complaints, it wasn't a bad read and I'd suggest the book to anyone well-versed in Marxist theory and acquainted with 13th-18th century history. According to the authors, existing socio-economic and historical research seems to agree that the emergence of the West was primarily the result of internal factors, with the UK taking the lead in the late 18th century, soon to be followed by other Western European countries in the 19th century. Well-researched and cited. How the West Came to Rule is an excellent, inventive and fascinating piece of scholarship; it is all the more remarkable because it is able to condense a complex of vast and contrary trends, in and through the lens of uneven and combined development, and to demonstrate how they intersect at the point of capital development. Such a duality is represented in the period’s very characterisation as ‘early modern’. Why The West Rules – For Now (2010) is a treatise on Western rule. ‘How the West Cam to Rule...’ is a poignant and well-researched enquiry into the rise of capitalism and the connection this has with the unifying of a dominant ontology as a paradigm through which the world is understood. It is a little bit thick on theory so it is quite boring for a lay person. Buy How the West Came to Rule: The Geopolitical Origins of Capitalism by Anievas, Alexander, Nisancioglu, Kerem (June 20, 2015) Paperback by (ISBN: ) from Amazon's Book Store. The very absence of ‘the international’ in theorising sociohistorical development has been identified by various scholars as a fundamental lacuna of not only Marxist theory but, more radically still, the classical sociology tradition as a whole.² According to this line of critique, both traditions work with the ontologically singular³ assumption that the growth and change of a society ‘should be explained with reference to its internal constitution’. Corpus ID: 199284024. Crucially, however, How the West Came to Rule reminds scholars, particularly those whose work is primarily based in theory, that theory is only as useful if it helps us to understand empirical realities. The print version of this textbook is ISBN: 9780745336152, 0745336159. 14 November 2016. How the West Came to Rule: The Geopolitical Origins of Capitalism - another prize! In this evolutionist model, nomadic societies have functioned as the equivalent to ‘primitive communities’ in classical social theory – a comparative ideal-type against which modern forms of state and society can be defined.² Similarly, models of the ‘segmentary tribe’ that were developed as part of a... European 16th-century history occupies a peculiar place in historical sociological narratives. Their thesis is grounded upon the Trotskyist idea of "uneven and combined development" and to a lesser extent the "whip of external necessity". The book also looks in slightly less detail about the collapse of the Mughal Empire and 3 European revolutions; the Dutch liberation, English Glorious revolution a. Read this when it was published and found it very helpful in orienting my historical analysis, A good, broad if somewhat inaccessible history tracking the origins and uneven development of capitalism and its global interconnectedness, The book's aims are to explain the rise of the West (and capitalism) in a non-Eurocentric way. It examines what “the West” is and how its current dominance came about. It summarises the main arguments of the book, as well as the critiques levied by the contributors to the Symposium. The conclusion was pretty garbage in my opinion though. This book's sweeping scope is both its strength and frustrating weakness. And so, perhaps, at points the case made by Anivas and Nişancioğlu is over-stated. by Pluto Press, How the West Came to Rule: The Geopolitical Origins of Capitalism. The time has come to ‘combine’ or ‘draw together’ the ‘separate steps’⁴ of the preceding argument. Format It primarily looks at 3 specific cases and relates them to how they interact to allow the build up of a capitalist system; the rise of the Mongolian Empire, the Ottoman and Hapsburg rivalry, and the rise of the Dutch Empire. In a review of an important recent book on the origins of capitalism, Andy Wynne argues that the authors provide an important introduction towards a truly global history of capitalism. In accounting for this persistently ‘overdetermined’ nature of social structures by their interactions with one another, we have drawn on the concept of uneven and combined development. Both in its encounter with unchartered territories and in its own self-definition, this was very much Europe’s ‘Age of Discovery’. How the West Came to Rule: The Geopolitical Origins of Capitalism 31 October 2016. We focus on such Marxist-inspired perspectives not because they exhaust the range of possible approaches to theorising the transition or because we think other perspectives have nothing to offer. How the west came to rule: the geopolitical origins of capitalism. Agriculture lead ability to accumulate wealth inevitably leading to wars; Change is caused by lazy, greedy frighten people looking for easier, more profitable and safer … The classical debate about the formation of capitalism centers on two developments: The taking of the commons, embodied in feudal lords pushing their peasants off the land to clear space for commodity agricultural products or the capital accumulated from trade by merchants growing large enough to create the surpluses capable of being converted into the capital necessary to start production on a scale larger than artisan production. In this chapter, we critically assess a number of influential Marxist-inspired theorisations of the transition to capitalism. That being said, we in no way wanted to throw the baby out with the bathwater – an understanding of how … Add to My Bookmarks Export citation. In doing so, we sought to demonstrate how ostensibly ‘internal’ processes of social transformation were rooted in broader intersocietal dynamics; that intrasocietal forms of sociality were continually overlain by distinctly intersocietal determinations. Furthermore the final chapter also destroys any good reputation of the above lines, showing their inclinations towards a transition to Communism, this time worldwide, as one of the factors of his decline was the isolation in … Welcome back. In previous chapters, we charted the changing geopolitical conditions conducive to the emergence of capitalist social relations in Northwestern Europe. Mainstream historical accounts of the development of capitalism describe a process which is fundamentally European - a system that was born in the mills and factories of England or under the guillotines of the French Revolution. Through an outline of the uneven histories of Mongolian expansion, New World discoveries, Ottoman-Habsburg rivalry, the development of the Asian colonies and bourgeois revolutions, Alexander Anievas and Kerem Nisancioglu provide an account of how these diverse events and processes came together to produce capitalism.
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