These threads are often plied together to form a yarn. There is a series of products that are produced in intensive Sericulture: Raw Silk Organic Fertilizers – Compost Biomass Animal Feeds Silk Proteins – Sericin Bees produce honey from the sugary secretions of plants. The Nets helps in uniform cocoon formation and maintain sanitized conditions for superior growth. 5. Over Rs. (d) Roots are anthelmentic and astringent (acts as a binding agent) and useful in the treatment of diahhroea. Leaf picking – the removal of individual leaves by hand. All the articles you read in this site are contributed by users like you, with a single vision to liberate knowledge. This process is called stifling. Sericulture and Silk Production The ancient technique of rearing silkworms for production of silk yarn (and weaving it into expensive cloth) is widely practiced today. PreserveArticles.com is an online article publishing site that helps you to submit your knowledge so that it may be preserved for eternity. Sericulture combines agriculture and also the industry. Our mission is to liberate knowledge. It is labor intensive and also improves the socio-economic status of the small and marginal farmers. mulberry,tasar,eri, and muga. Before publishing your Article on this site, please read the following pages: 1. In the rest of the world, mulberry is generally used as forage in animal production, or for other purposes. The caterpillars of the domestic silkmoth (also called ‘Bombyx mori’) are the most commonly used silkworm species in sericulture.  Also known as Endi or Errandi. The silkworms are being cultivated in this process. In Ancient China each province made its own kind of silk which was named in the honor of the province. As they grow, their appetite slowly diminishes until their active stage. The faeces is also a good organic manure and can be added to the cattle dung to produce gobar gas. This is due to the massive quantum of bi-product generated in the sericulture sector and its allied suitability towards numerous commercial exploits. Sericulture is an important agro-based, labour intensive and export oriented cottage industry. However, some varieties of silkworm can take up to 4 days to spin their cocoons. Bees are mainly reared for their honey. India enjoys the unique distinction of being the only country in the world to produce all four varieties of silk viz. The excreta of silk worms find a number of uses. Approximately 80% of silk fiber is made up of fibroin, which is concentrated at the core. (ii) The stem in the trees is white in colour, soft and pliable. This method of producing silk did not involve the boiling of silkworm pupae and, therefore, did not violate the Ahimsa philosophy. What is the Process Followed in Sericulture? The caterpillars of the domestic silkmoth (also called ‘Bombyx mori’) are the most commonly used silkworm species in sericulture. Although there are several commercial species of silkworms, Bombyx mori (the caterpillar of the domestic silkmoth) is the most widely used and intensively studied silkworm. What are the Challenges Faced in Sericulture? The sericulture is an important cottage industry, but is now the basis of large industries in China, Japan, India and some European countries, where the silkworm, Bombyx mori is reared on mulberry leaves on a mass scale to get raw silk from the cocoons of the caterpillars of the moth. The presence of pigments (such as xanthophyll) in the sericin layer of the fiber imparts colour to the silk. Sericulture, or silk farming, is the cultivation of silkworms to produce silk. In addition the silk industry can produce a number of byproducts. Schemes for financial assistance. Typically, 300-500 eggs are obtained from one female silk moth. 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